Konstruksi Pertimbangan Hakim: Pengakuan Identitas Jenis Kelamin Seorang Transgender Dalam Fase Sintonik

  • Winsherly Tan Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Internasional Batam
  • Shelvi Rusdiana Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Internasional Batam
  • Elisa Nilla Sari Simanjuntak Fakultas Hukum Universitas Internasional Batam

Abstract

The societal stance on transgender individuals elicits various reactions, ranging from acceptance to rejection. This, in turn, has a significant impact on the discriminatory treatment that gender reassignment applicants receive from the community. Generally, individuals who seek gender reassignment do so due to discomfort with their gender identity. As such, transgender individuals strive to assert their right to change their gender. In Indonesia, the legal basis for gender reassignment is not positive, as there is no specific regulation governing gender reassignment. However, Article 56 of Law Number 24 of 2013, which amends Law Number 23 of 2006 concerning Population Administration, indirectly provides an opportunity for transgender individuals to apply for a change in their gender status through a court decision. Essentially, judges cannot dismiss a case due to a lack of legal basis and must instead create laws by exploring the existing laws in society. This is what is referred to as "judge-made law." The recognition of transgender individuals' gender identity in the Wates District Court provides a legal basis for gender identity rights. This research uses a normative research method with a legislative and conceptual approach. Qualitative research data is used to collect literature study data. The research aims to determine the legal basis for the Wates District Court's consideration in determining gender reassignment cases and to analyze the case's decision based on the legal basis's value. The study's results show that the Wates District Court considers the applicant's background, physical and psychological condition, and request for sex reassignment when determining gender reassignment cases.

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Published
2023-12-08
How to Cite
TAN, Winsherly; RUSDIANA, Shelvi; SIMANJUNTAK, Elisa Nilla Sari. Konstruksi Pertimbangan Hakim: Pengakuan Identitas Jenis Kelamin Seorang Transgender Dalam Fase Sintonik. Nagari Law Review, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 2, p. 199-211, dec. 2023. ISSN 2597-7245. Available at: <http://nalrev.fhuk.unand.ac.id/index.php/nalrev/article/view/541>. Date accessed: 27 feb. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.25077/nalrev.v.7.i.2.p.199-211.2023.